About the NeuroContinuum

The NeuroContinuum serves as a rehabilitative path for those patients recovering from a traumatic brain injury. From ICU level of care to teaching life skills in a home-like environment, we provide neurological rehabilitation to better the quality of life of each individual.


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“People here at the hospital are great and they let family and friends stay with the patient all of the ...

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Ronald Tintner, M.D.

CMO Nexus NeuroContinuum


Nexus NeuroContinuum

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Types of Brain Injury

Brain Injuries and Disorders

There are several different types of brain injuries and disorders. Brain injury can either be the result of a disorder, disease or a sudden accident.


Acquired Brain Injuries

In simplified terms, acquired brain injuries can be classified as injuries to the brain that occur as a result of events or diseases that impact the brain after we are born.


Four Types of Brain Injury

  1. Focal Contusion Injury: Bruising of specific areas of the brain as a result of abrasion by the boney, roughened skull.
  2. Focal Hemorrhagic or Ischemic Injury: Blockage or rupture of specific blood vessels that supply certain areas of the brain with oxygen.
  3. Diffuse Axonal Injury: A widespread assault that’s caused by the release of toxic neurochemicals and the stretching and tearing nerve fibers in the brain go through when a victim’s head is violently shaken.
  4. Diffuse Hypoxemic or Anoxic Injury: The most serious type of brain injury as it is related to the entire brain being deprived of oxygen.


Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a type of acquired brain injury that refers to injuries to the brain that are the result of an outside force caused by trauma such as a fall, motor vehicle accidents, gunshot wounds, injuries sustained as result of playing sports where the head is at risk - football, baseball, basketball, soccer, skateboarding – auto accidents, or motorcycle accidents. Work related accidents generally associated with high-risk professions such as those individuals that work in the oil field, building & construction, chemical plants, and manufacturing industries are also a cause. TBI can be classified based on severity.



Strokes occur when one or more blood vessels in the brain are blocked or burst open. Although not medically classified as a true traumatic brain injury, most people experience stroke as such a physically and psychologically traumatic event that the two disorders have become linked in the minds of many Americans. Those who endure a less severe stroke may experience only minor problems such as weakness of an arm or leg.  People who suffer more severe strokes may experience paralysis, lose their ability to speak or cope with cognitive trouble. The majority of those that survive a stroke suffer some sort of brain damage.


Symptoms of a stroke include:

  • Numbness or weakness to one side of the body
  • Sudden speech and language difficulties
  • Sudden onset of severe headache, sometime accompanied by dizziness
  • Loss of vision in one or both eyes, or severe “double vision”
  • Confusion in thinking or loss of orientation
  • Loss of balance and/or inability to walk, often associated with severe dizziness with nausea and uncontrollable vomiting

Early intervention can minimize the effects of a stroke. If you suspect your love one may be experiencing the early stages of a stroke, err on the side of caution and get them to the nearest medical facility as quickly as possible.


Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Neurodevelopmental Disorders occur before birth and usually are syndromes that unfold during the course of a life span.


Some nuerodevelopmental disorders would include:

  • Autism
  • Autism Spectrum disorders
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Global Development Delay
  • Intellectual Development Disorder
  • Specific Learning Disorders or Disabilities